Israel and Palestine ‘entitled’ to 2-state solution: Secretary of State Blinken

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Libya’s fragile moment of unity

Six months after a ceasefire ended the last civil war, the UN and the United States have expressed a rare sentiment: optimism over events in Libya. by all the major players on opposite sides of the barricades. Stay on top of the latest market trends and economic outlook with Axios Markets. Now all the country has to do is expel a mix of foreign fighters, unify its financial and military institutions, decide on a system of government, grappling with 10 years of intermittent civil war (and four decades of dictatorship before that), and hold elections – all by the end of the year. There is also “the elephant in the room,” notes Mohammed Ali Abdallah, special envoy to the United States for the government of national unity of Libya. Khalifa Haftar, the rogue general who tried to overthrow the Tripoli government, remains a force in eastern Libya; Haftar’s offensive was repulsed last year when Turkey intervened on behalf of the Tripoli government . Libya’s recent history is littered with transitional governments that have exceeded their mandates while failing to fulfill them. But he insists this time is different. “People are starting to realize that, you know what, those who were in the [Muammar Gaddafi] regime or those who were part of the revolution, people who are from the East or from the West, people who supported a military takeover against those who held the democratic process – rivalries and polarization are starting to emerge blur. The leaders of the transitional government – Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibah and President of the Presidential Council Mohamed al-Menfi – intend to hold elections because they know their political prospects will collapse if they do not. , says Abdallah. The International Crisis Group notes that Dbeibah has been accused of buying votes to get his job and would like to keep him for at least two years. foreign power trying to obstruct it – is historic for a country inundated with militias and where foreign interference has become the norm. relations between Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, Haftar’s supporters, on the one hand, and Turkey and Qatar, on the other. Most promising, says Abdallah, is the dialogue between Egypt (another supporter of Haftar) and Turkey, both of which will have important roles to play. stabilize Libya. The transitional government even proposed a trilateral summit in Libya, he said. This leaves only one major external player who “is in fact profiting from an ongoing crisis in Libya”, says Abdallah: Russia, whose interests are represented by mercenaries from the Wagner group. Moscow has indicated that the mercenaries will withdraw if Russia is awarded infrastructure or mining projects or, most controversially, is allowed to establish a permanent military presence, Abdullah claims. and tries to tackle the “vulnerability” of Libya, says Abdallah. Like the United Arab Emirates, says Abdallah, Russia has lost faith in Haftar but continues to view him as a “bargaining chip.” Abdallah takes a very different tone when Ankara has a “legitimate military presence that helps us as a country,” he says. foreign fighters leave Libya. Abdullah says militias Turkey has brought into the country should leave, but Turkish troops are a special case.There is one country that should intervene more strongly in Libya, says Abdallah: USD spreading the news: the Biden administration last week dispatched Acting Assistant Secretary of the Take Joey Hood to Tripoli alongside Richard Norland, President Biden’s special envoy to Libya, to show his support for the unity government. Dbeibah (right) shakes hands with Norland as Hood (C) watches. Photo: AFP via Getty The transitional government wants the Biden administration to pressure the UAE and others to stop interfering in Libya while helping Libya develop its institutions and prepare for elections . The administration of Barack Obama. Some may see an opportunity to “harm a right,” he says. Watch out for: Abdallah admits there are significant constitutional and security loopholes that need to be addressed before an election can take place, and he even acknowledges it may become impossible to hold a vote in December, as planned, but he supports that an active US involvement could make a difference: “ The United States has a chance to turn a very dark history into a very positive one, and I think the United States could use some success. stories in the area right now. »Learn more about Axios: Sign up to receive the latest market trends with Axios Markets. Subscribe for free


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